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国家类考题的雅思口语高分答题技巧

  在PART 3中,国家类的题目出现的频率非常高,好多学生为之头疼,因为学生觉得范围实在是太大了,根本无从下手。其实国家类题目的答题技巧很简单,本文为各位同学来解读一下这一类问题。

  首先我们来看一下国家类问题的提问方式:

  1. How do people celebrate birthday in your country?

  2. Is crime a problem in your country?

  3. Do many people work on farms in your country?

  同学们应该看出来了,问题问的全都是“in your country”。

  下面我们再来看一位中国考生的答案:

  1. How do people celebrate birthday in your country?

  Usually they will invite friends to their home and have a big dinner, then they will eat a birthday cake and play some games.

  相信同学们都能看出来这个答案不是太好,比较短,而且像流水账,但是我们平常过生日确实就是这个样,也说不出什么花活来,那么我们到底应该怎么回答呢?

  同学们来看下面这个答案样本:

  Well, I would have to say it really depends.

  I mean, as for young people, they would probably go to a club or a karaoke bar with their friends. You know, they are full of energy and want to go crazy once in a while.

  However, as for the old, they are more likely to have a big dinner at home and chat with their family. Normally they will have noodles because in Chinese culture, long noodles are the symbol
of a long life.

  有心的同学应该看出来了,上面这个答案样本采用的就是“分情况讨论’的.方法,因为”国家“这个范围实在是太大了,所以不能全部一概而论,”分情况讨论“是一个不错的选择。但是同学们要注意,”国家类“分的情况往往是比较宏观的,经常从三个角度切入:

  人群:old / young, rich / poor, men / women …

  地区:city / countryside, south / north …

  时代:past / now …

  下面我再给同学们举两个具体的例子,供同学们参考:

  Is crime a problem in your country?

  Well, I guess my answer would be determined by different conditions.

  I mean, in big cities, the crime rate is relatively high. I guess this is probably because there’s just too much temptation in big cities and many people cannot control themselves.

  But in the countryside, seldom can you witness a crime. The reason may have something to do with the fact that in the countryside, people’s mind is not that complicated. Most of them are
satisfied with the way they are living and they don’t want too much.

  Do many people work on farms in your country?

  Well, in the past, the number of farmers in China was quite large. Decades ago, not so many people could get the opportunity to go to school. Consequently, most of them ended up working as a
farmer.

  However, nowadays fewer and fewer people choose to work on farms. The explanation for this is that the money a farmer earns is no longer enough to cover the whole family’s needs. As a
consequence, lots of people decide to find a job in the city where they can get a better payment.

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